Cancer is not one disease, but many diseases that occur in different areas of the body.  Each type of cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Under normal conditions, cell reproduction is carefully controlled by the body.  However, these controls can malfunction, resulting in abnormal cell growth and the development of a lump, mass, or tumor.  Some cancers involving the blood and blood-forming organs do not form tumors but circulate through other tissues where they grow.

A tumor may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).  Cells from cancerous tumors can spread throughout the body.  This process, called metastasis, occurs when cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel in the circulatory or lymphatic systems until they are lodged in a small capillary network in another area of the body.  Common locations of metastasis are the bones, lungs, liver, and central nervous system.

The type of cancer refers to the organ or area of the body where the cancer first occurred. Cancer that has metastasized to other areas of the body is named for the part of the body where it originated from.  For example, if breast cancer has spread to the bones, it is called “metastatic breast cancer” not bone cancer.  To learn more about a specific type of cancer, click the link below to the American Cancer Society website.

Adrenal Cancer

Anal Cancer

Bile Duct Cancer

Bladder Cancer

Bone Cancer

Brain /CNS Tumors In Adults

Breast Cancer

Cancer - Unknown Primary

Cervical Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

Endometrial Cancer

Esophageal Cancer

Gallbladder Cancer

Gastric (Stomach) Cancer

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)

Hodgkin Lymphoma

Kidney Cancer

Laryngeal And Hypopharyngeal Cancer

Leukemia - Acute Lymphoblastic (ALL)

Leukemia - Acute Myeloid (AML)

Leukemia - Chronic Lymphocytic (CLL)

Leukemia - Chronic Myeloid (CML)

Liver Cancer

Lung Cancer (Non-Small Cell)

Lung Cancer (Small Cell)

Multiple Myeloma

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Oropharyngeal Cancer

Ovarian Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Sarcoma (Adult Soft Tissue Cancer)

Skin Cancer (Melanoma)

Small Intestinal Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

Vaginal Cancer

Vulvar Cancer

Waldenström Macroglobulinemia